How are Mountains Formed? Everything you need to know

How are Mountains Formed? Everything you need to know

Mountains a type of landform that rises above its surroundings. It is usually higher than a hill, with steep slopes and a rounded or pointed peak. We find mountains in clusters.  A group of mountain to form mountain ranges. Range lines generate mountain belts. Let’s explore the diverse mountain formations around the world!

Formation Of Mountains

Large and continuous movements of the Earth’s crust, or outer layer, cause the formation of mountains. Six huge blocks known as plates make up the Earth’s crust, and they fit together. Two pieces of the Earth’s crust crash together, pushing the land upwards to form mountains. Many of the greatest mountain ranges on the planet have evolved due to huge collisions between continents.

Watch this video to understand Mountain Formation

The crust has buckled and crumpled at moments, while in other instances it breaks into large chunks. Mountain formation happens in several ways. The Earth’s crust can push upwards, creating towering peaks. Volcanic eruptions can also contribute to mountain building when the crust fractures, spewing molten rock that solidifies and adds to the landmass. Additionally, the Earth’s crust can rise in dome-like structures, forming another type of mountain range.

What are the different types of mountains?

There are five different types of mountains. These mountain names describe not only the physical attributes of the mountains but also their formation process. Mountains can be classified as follows:

Fold Mountain

Fold Mountain

Two or more tectonic plates crumble and fold their edges into hills and mountains when they collide. Anticlines are the upward folds, and synclines are the downward folds. The Himalayan Mountain in Asia formed when the Indian tectonic plate collided with the Asian plate.

Volcanic Mountains

Volcanic Mountain

Tectonic plate movement creates volcanoes, which in turn, can create mountains through eruptions. Molten rock, called magma deep within the earth, erupts and builds up on the surface, forming volcanic mountains. Lava is the term for magma that emerges from the earth’s crust. The ash and lava solidify into a rock cone as they cool. Lava and rock accumulate, layer upon layer. For example-Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines.

Block Mountain

Block Mountain

These mountains form when faults or cracks in the earth’s crust force blocks of rock up and another block down. Horsts are the higher blocks and troughs are known as grabens. An example of Block Mountain is the Sierra Nevada Range in the United States and the Harz Mountains in Germany

Plateau mountains

Plateau mountains

These are Large regions of high ground that have been uplifted by Tectonic force. Tectonic Force is defined as a force or movement that cause a change in the Earth’s Curst. Examples are The Tibetan Plateau in Asia and the Colorado Plateau in the United States.

Dome Mountain

Dome Mountain

These are formed when magma comes upward from beneath the crust of the Earth. Once magma is cooled it creates a rock. Examples of Dome Mountain are The Black Hills in South Dakota and the Wichita Mountain in Oklahoma.

Facts about the Mountain that Everyone Need to Know:

  • Mount Everest (8,850 m) is the highest mountain in the world.
  • Mauna kea is the tallest mountain in the world.
  •  Mid-Atlantic Ridge is the an under water mountain.
  • 12% of the world’s people live in the mountain
  • Mid- Ocean Ridge is the Longest Mountain range in the world.
  • Mount Kangchenjunga (8,593 m) is the highest mountain in India.
  • Himalayan range is the longest mountain in the India
  • Mount Tenpō is the smallest mountain in the world.
  • Aravalli is the oldest mountain in India.
Learn 5 lessons from Swami Vivekananda

Conclusion

The mountain is a landform that is uplifted from the ground. Mountain are Formed when two pieces of the earth’s crust collide with one another and push the land upward. The Five different Types of Mountains formed are- Block Mountains, Fold Mountains, Dome Mountains, Volcanic Mountain, and the Plateau Mountains. Some interesting fact are relevance to Mountain are- the highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest. 12% of the world’s people live in the mountain. Mount Kangchenjunga (8,593 m) is the highest mountain in India.

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