Jagatguru Ramanadancharya thoughts and teaching :Birth anniversary special

Jagatguru ramanadancharya thoughts and teaching

Jagatguru ramanadancharya thoughts and teaching: Ramanucharya was the most important person in the Vishishtadvaita school of Vedanta. He also did a lot to improve society. We’ll use simple words to talk about Visishtaadvaita. “If I can save so many people, I don’t mind going to hell,” he said, and he preached his spiritual message to everyone, even the poorest ones.

He built the Yatiraja Math and the Cheluva Narayana Swami temple in Melkote, Karnataka, and fixed up a lot of old temples as well. He wrote a lot of philosophical works and taught that all people are the same.

Early years

Ramanuja, a follower of the Varadaraja Perumal temple in Kanchi. He became famous and devoted after his guru, Yadava Prakaasa, split up because they had different ideas about how to understand the Vedas. The Vaishnavite acharya Yamunacharya, who was the religious leader of the Ranganathasamy temple in Srirangam, asked Ramanuja to help him pass on his message. Someone who was a student of Ramanuja told him to bring Ramanuja to Kanchi.

They left for Srirangam after meeting Ramanuja, but found out that Yamunacharya had died. Ramanuja wouldn’t honor Sri Ranganatha because Sri Ranganatha blamed him for taking Yamunacharya away. Mahapurna started to help Tiruvaranga Araiyar run the temple. But after Yamunacharya’s death, Tiruvaranga Araiyar and other Vaishnavite order members felt like there was a hole and needed someone who could explain the Vedas and Sastras like Yamunacharya did.

Ramanuja regularly met with Kanchipurna, another devotee, and chose to follow Kanchipurna. However, Kanchipurna said no and said he would find a better teacher. After six months, Kanchipurna came back from a trip to Tirupati to worship Lord Venkateswara. Then Lord Varadaraja told Ramanuja what he wanted. Also, Kanchipurna told him to go to Srirangam and find comfort in Sri Mahapurna.

Jagatguru Ramanadancharya thoughts and teaching

The Sri Srivaishnavas, or devotees of Vishnu, are devoted to the incarnations of Vishnu, specifically Sri Rama and Sri Krishna. They follow the tenets of Vishtadvaita and were popularized by the Alwars, who lived between the sixth and ninth centuries of the Christian era. The tradition of the Acharyas began after the Alwars, with YamunAcharya being the first Acharya and RamanujAcharya giving a comprehensive form to the tenets of Vishtadvaita.

Ramanuja was born to his parents, Srishailapurna and Bhudevi, who were married to KeshavAcharya. Ramanuja was born to them as their only son in A.D. 1017. His brother, Govinda, was born to the same couple as Ramanuja and continued to live in amity until the end of their life.

Ramanuja was a bright child who resembled Sri Rama’s brother (‘anuja’) Lakshmana. He was very smart and learned the Vedas and Vedangas even as a child. He had his sacred thread ceremony at the right time and married Rakshambal, also known as Tanjamma. Unfortunately, his father KeshavAcharya died shortly after the marriage. After RamanujAcharya came to Kanchipuram and settled with his wife and widowed mother, Govinda followed them to Kanchipuram.

Ramanuja was an extraordinary disciple, seeking the right ‘guru’, Yadavaprakasha, one of the greatest scholars of those days. However, Ramanuja did not enjoy the manner in which the teacher taught him and felt that Yadavaprakasha was not explaining the texts properly. This led to a conflict with the teacher, who was angry when Ramanuja explained a line in the Taittiriya Upanishad in his own way.

Govinda warned Ramanuja to run for his life, and he went away. The teacher and other students searched for him in the forest, presumed that some wild animal had killed him, and continued on their way to Varanasi.

Jagatguru Ramanadancharya thoughts and teaching 2

Ramanuja reaches Kanchipuram over night, finding himself in the midst of familiar surroundings such as temple towers, coconut trees, and woods. This miraculous event highlights the importance of respecting and embracing the teachings of the Sri Srivaishnavas. They are dedicated to the teachings of Vishnu and the teachings of Mother Lakshmi.

Ramanuja, a disciple of Lord Narayana and his consort Lakshmi, arrived in Kanchi from the Vindhyas in a single night. He was grateful to God for his journey and began carrying holy water daily for worship of God Varadaraja. His Guru, Yadavaprakasha, returned to Kanchi after the pilgrimage and feared their evil designs had come to light. Ramanuja explained the divine intercession that allowed him to return safely and resumed his studentship with Yadavaprakasha.

Ramanuja joined as a disciple with his Guru Yadava Prakasha but continued to nurse his ill feelings towards him. One day, the teacher explained the line “Sarvam khalvidam brahma” from Upanishath, which did not appeal to Ramanuja, leading to his termination from teaching. Ramanuja ended his studentship with Yadavaprakasha and began spending all his time in the service of Lord Varadaraja.

Jagatguru Ramanadancharya Later in His Life

YamunAcharya, the leader of the Vishtadvaita School, was becoming very old and wondered who would continue the great tradition. He prayed to God Varadaraja Swami that Ramanuja would be the successor. When Ramanuja realized his estrangement from Yadavaprakasha, he asked Maha poorna to fetch him from Kanchi.

Mahapoorna reached Kanchi and explained to Ramanuja the condition of YamunAcharya. They arrived at Sriranga, where they saw a crowd for the funeral rites of the great YamunAcharya. Ramanuja observed that the three fingers of the right hand had been bent, and the disciples of YamunAcharya told Ramanuja that he had left unfinished three important tasks in his life. Ramanuja took an oath that he would accomplish them, propagate the Srivaishnava philosophy, pay tribute to Vyasa, Parashara, and Nammalwar, and write a commentary on Vyasa’s Brahma Sutras.

He accepted Kanchi Poorna as his Guru, despite his dislike for superstitions and caste system. Rakshamba, Ramanuja’s wife, gave away the remaining food to others, cleaning the house, bathing, and cooking fresh food for the family. Ramanuja became angry at Rakshamba’s actions and felt it as a blessing to take the food after serving Kanchi poorna.

In the end, Ramanuja received answers to philosophical questions from Kanchi poorna through prayer to God Varadaraja. These answers became the basic tenets of Vishtadvaita.

Jagatguru ramanadancharya teaching

Later in His Life 2

Ramanuja, a disciple of Mahapoorna, was sent to Sriranga by his Guru, Mahapoorna, to learn the philosophical intricacies of Vishishtadvaita. After six months of service, Ramanuja learned the inner esoteric meaning of the ‘Nalayira’ (four thousand) Prabandha compositions and the essence of Vishishtadvaita contained in those hymns. Mahapoorna was not a Brahmin like Kanchipoorna, but he was influenced by Mahapoorna’s wife, Maha-poona, who was angry about being polluted by her. Ramanuja decided to leave the place to avoid further estrangement between Ramanuja and his wife, and moved to Sriranga.

Ramanuja’s worldly bonds were severed forever when he learned that his Guru had left. He assumed the name ‘Govinda Jeer’ and went to Sriranga, where he was taught by his nephew Dasarathi, Kooresha, and his old Guru Yadavaprakasha. Kooresha found answers to many philosophical questions that vexed Yadava-prakasha, leading him to convert into Srivaishnava faith and assume the name ‘Govinda Jeer’.

The disciples of YamunAcharya at Sriranga continued to think of Ramanuja, and they sent their chief Vararanga to fetch Ramanuja to Sriranga. Ramanuja felt that his knowledge was still incomplete and approached Maha-poona again, learning from him. However, Goshti poorna, a disciple of Mahapoorna, was the only man who could further teach Ramanuja the significance of Srivaishnava tenets. Ramanuja disagreed with Goshti poorna and went to Maladhara and Vararanga to learn the hymns of Nammalwar.

Maladhara was also known as Tirumalai Andan, and Ramanuja tried to read even richer meanings into the songs. Maladhara got displeased, but Goshti poorna assured him that Ramanuja was a great genius who had received the grace of his Guru Yamuna-charya and should continue his lessons unmindful of the incidental irritation. Later, Ramanuja received lessons for Vararanga on the Nalayira hymns.

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Ramanuja codified the philosophical tenets

Ramanuja codified the philosophical tenets of YamunAcharya, becoming Paripooma (‘complete’) and disseminating the essentials of Srivaishnava religion among his contemporaries. He wrote the three classics called Gadya-traya, Nitya-grantha, and Gita-bhashyaxercising all his faculties in obtaining divine grace with his fellowmen.

Ramanuja, a prominent figure in the Indian philosophy, was known for his devotion to his Guru Yamuna. His ability to write commentaries on Brahma Sutras. He was a revered disciple of the renowned scholar Yajnamurthy, who had defeated many opponents in philosophical disputes. Ramanuja’s disciples, including a wealthy but insolent disciple, Yajnesha, were inspired by him to poison the food offered to the sanyasi, which he threw into the river.

Ramanuja’s reputation extended far and wide, leading him to undertake pilgrimages to holy places. He visited the village of Ashtasahasragrama with his disciples, Yajnesha and Varadarya, where they collected alms for the day. The poor woman, Varadarya, was welcomed by the house owner, but Ramanuja admired her devotion.

Ramanuja also visited Kashmir to write commentaries on the Brahma Sutras, which he needed to consult. He asked the King and his court-scholars to give him the work of Bodhayana, which was in Kashmir. Kooresha, a student of Ramanuja, read the book aloud, and Ramanuja listened in silence. Kooresha’s prodigious memory allowed him to make a copy of the entire book by a mere glance.

Jagatguru Ramanadancharya and Kooresha began the composition of Sribhashya, the commentary on Brahma Sutras, and Ramanuja apologized to Kooresha, who had taken all efforts to learn the Bhashya by Bodhayana by just seeing it. This led to the conclusion of the Sribhashya and Ramanuja became known as ‘Sribhashyakara.’

The students of Jagatguru Ramanadancharya

The students of Ramanuja wanted their teacher’s mission to include visits to pilgrim centers. They agreed and went on foot to tour the Chola and Pandya kingdoms, North India, Dwaraka, and Badari, reaching Kashmir.

Sharada Devi blessed Ramanuja at Kashmir by presenting an icon of Hayagreeva. Later, he visited Varanasi, Puri, and reorganized the temple service at Jagannath. Ramanuja left Srirangam and reached Karnataka, where he met with the ruler of the Chola kingdom. Karikala, who was a fanatic of Shiva and wanted to force Ramanuja to accept his Saivisam. When king’s emissaries arrived, Ramanuja disguised himself as Kooresha, and he learned about Dasarathi’s revelations and decided to leave Sriranga.

Jagatguru Ramanadancharya thoughts and teaching

Ramanuja arrived in Karnataka and became a disciple of Vaduhanambi, the priest of the local Narasimha temple. The pond Sripada Tirtha in Saligrama is considered sacred by all Srivaishnavas. Kooresha and Mahapoorna were punished for their sins, leading to their deaths in agony.

Jagatguru Ramanadancharya traveled eastward to Tondanur

Jagatguru Ramanadancharya traveled eastward to Tondanur, the second capital of the Hoysala Empire. Where he was sent to cure the mental illness of his daughter, Vittala Devaraya. He became a Srivaishnava and later became known as Vishnu-vardhana. In memory of this event, King Vishnu Vardhana built five Srivaishnava temples in Tondanur, including Channiganarayana temple at Belur, Nambinarayana temple at Tondanur, Kirtinarayana temple at Talakad, Veeranarayana temple at Gadag, and Chaluvanarayana temple at Melkote.

Ramanuja left Tondanur for Melkote, which was also known as Yadavagiri. He dug out an idol of god Tirunarayana from a molehill and installed it in a specially built shrine. A legend tells of the Utsavamoorti of Melkote temple, a small idol of the same deity used for taking out in procession. The Sultan’s daughter would not easily part with the idol, as she loved it dearly and followed it when it was taken out to Melkote.

The Harijans were of great help to Jagatguru Ramanadancharya

The Harijans were of great help to Ramanuja in building the shrines and accomplishing other public utility works in Melkote. Ramanuja called them ‘Tirukulattar’ (‘high-born’) and arranged for them to be admitted to the temple on three days in a year when they could have free darshan of the deity.

Jagatguru Ramanadancharya lived in Karnataka for twenty years, establishing the Yatiraja Math in Melkote and several other Maths and temples. He wanted to return to Srirangam to complete his task there, but much work remained to be done. Ramanuja returned to Srirangam after bidding farewell to associates at Melkote. He was deeply moved to see the blinded old man Kooresha who passed away some time later.

Jagatguru Ramanadancharya renovated many old temples in ruins and decided to cast his mortal frame into a life-size statue of himself. The life-like statue was installed in Sri Perambudur, marking the end of Ramanuja’s life.

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There was a contradiction between the idol at Tirupathi, Shaivite or Vaishnavite. Ramanuja reached there and resolved the issue by placing Sankhu and Chakram (the divine Conch & Wheel of Sri Mahavishnu) in front of the deity after night pooja. He made a sashtanga namaskaram in front of the deity and requested the deity to hold sankhu and Chakram if the deity was Vaishanavite.

Jagatguru Ramanadancharya final message to his disciples

Jagatguru Ramanadancharya final message to his disciples was to “Shed your ego, love the devotees of God, serve the cause of mankind who are God’s children. Nobody is infallible; do not humiliate any one. What is of supreme importance is purity of mind and deed.” His message was spread all over the country by his seventy-four disciples, and Maths were built in different parts. He stressed the merciful nature of God, teaching the virtues of humility and equality.

In the end, Ramanuja laid down, holding his head on Govinda’s lap and his feet on Andhrapoorna’s lap. Attaining eternal bliss on the tenth day of the month of Magha, in the year 1059 of Shalivahana era (A.D. 1137)

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